What happened in Nagasaki on August 9, 1945, why was he targeted?


It was a usual morning on that fateful day of August 9, 1945. Everyone was busy with their daily chores when something terrible happened that changed history forever. The clock was showing 11:02 am Japanese time when mushroom clouds were seen in the sky. The United States struck again, this time in Nagasaki, just three days after the destruction of Hiroshima by the first nuclear bomb.

Dubbed “Fat Man”, the bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki led to Japan’s unconditional surrender during World War II. Records suggest that at least 70,000 people were killed in the initial explosion in Nagasaki, while about 65,000 others later died from radiation-related illnesses.

The Department of Energy’s Manhattan Project story, “Five-year deaths may have reached or even exceeded 200,000, as cancer and other long-term effects set in.” Those who survived the bombing are called “hibakusha”. Hibakusha literally means an individual affected by a bomb. Survivors faced horrific consequences in cities, including psychological trauma.

What happened on that fateful day

The “Fat Man” was dispatched via an American bomber nicknamed Enola Gay. It was dropped at 11:02 am, approximately 1,650 feet above Nagasaki.

Besides its beautiful offshore islands, it was also one of Japan’s main shipbuilding centers. The powerful atomic bomb unleashed a force of approximately 22,000 tons of trinitrotoluene (TNT), one of the most explosive non-nuclear substances made by humans.

The bombardments brought the war to an abrupt end, with Japan unconditionally surrendering to the Allies on August 14, 1945. Investigation of 1946 indicates that due to the rugged terrain of Nagasaki, damage was limited to the valley above. which the bomb exploded. As a result, the area of ​​almost complete devastation was much smaller, around 1.8 square miles.

Why Hiroshima and Nagasaki were targets

The United States has targeted cities with the region’s military production in mind. They made sure that the target sites were of no cultural significance to Japan, like Kyoto. This was because the goal was to destroy Japan’s ability to wage wars.

Nagasaki was a center of shipbuilding, the very industry destined for destruction. Hiroshima was first and foremost a military target with the most important military command posts in Japan. Hiroshima was at the time the headquarters of the Second Army and the Chugoku Regional Army.


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